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(Seoul = Larose.VIP) Reporter Han Seong-gan = A study showed that even if they exercise on the same regular basis, the effects of exercise are greater for women than for men.

A research team led by Susan Cheong, director of the Women’s Cardiovascular Health Center at the Schmidt Heart Institute at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles, analyzed data from 400,000 adults (ages 27 to 61) from the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) database (1997-2019). As a result, this fact was revealed, HealthDay News reported on the 20th.

The research team found that women who exercise regularly have a lower risk of premature death from all causes and a lower risk of death from fatal cardiovascular diseases such as myocardial infarction and stroke than men who exercise regularly.

Women who exercised regularly had a 24% lower risk of death from all causes and a 36% lower risk of death from heart diseases such as myocardial infarction and stroke.

Even though the amount of exercise was slightly less than that of men, these results did not change.

Even if men exercised consistently, their risk of death from all causes was only lowered by 15% and their risk of death from heart disease was lowered by 14%.

Five hours of moderate-intensity exercise per week was found to have the greatest effect on reducing the risk of early death. In this case, the mortality risk reduction effect was higher for women (24%) than for men (18%).

110 minutes of high-intensity aerobic exercise per week had the greatest effect in reducing the risk of death. The effect of reducing the risk of death was also higher for women (24%) than for men (19%).

Strength training once a week was found to reduce the risk of early death by 19% for women and 11% for men. Among these, the effect of reducing the risk of death related to heart disease was 30% for women and 11% for men.

Even though women exercised for less time than men, the ‘health compensation effect’ was the same as that of men.

In the case of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise, even if women exercised less than half (140 minutes per week) of exercise time for men (5 hours per week), the effect on reducing the risk of premature death was 18%, the same as that for men.

High-intensity aerobic exercise had the same effect on reducing the risk of premature death by 19% in women who exercised 57 minutes a week as in men who exercised 110 minutes a week.

The research team explained that this may be due to the anatomical and physiological differences in the body between men and women.

For example, the research team found that men generally have larger lung capacity, larger hearts, more lean body mass (body mass minus body fat), and a higher proportion of fast-twitch muscle fibers than women.

Muscle fibers are divided into fast-twitch fibers and slow-twitch fibers depending on their ability to stretch and then shrink back to their original state.

Therefore, when exercising, women must exert more effort than men. The research team pointed out that the health compensation effect is greater because the same movement requires more effort than men.

However, there were not many cases in which the amount of exercise reached the weekly standard level for both men and women.

Aerobic exercise was performed by 43% of men and 33% of women, and strength training was performed by only 28% of men and 20% of women.

The results of this study were published in the latest issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

skhan@yna.co.kr

Report to KakaoTalk okjebo 2024/02/21 09:19 Sent

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